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Bernhard Grill, Karl Heinz Brandenburg, Thomas Sporer, Bernd Kurten, Ernst Eberlein: Digital encoding process. Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e V, Evenson McKeown Edwards & Lenahan P L L C, November 26, 1996: US05579430 (166 worldwide citation)

A digital encoding process for transmitting and/or storing acoustical sigs and, in particular, music signals, in which scanned values of the acoustical signal are transformed by means of a transformation or a filter bank into a sequence of second scanned values, which reproduce the spectral composit ...


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Peter Schmitt, Dieter Schmidt, Guenther Kostka, Rolf Behrendt: Method and camera (apparatus) for optically capturing a screen. Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E V, Michael A Glenn, Glenn Patent Group, April 27, 2010: US07706634 (132 worldwide citation)

A camera for optically capturing a screen, wherein the screen has an area and wherein a predetermined overall resolution is provided for the optical capture, comprises a camera support with an array of camera mounts, an array of optical individual cameras as well as an image processing device for pr ...


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Christian Neubauer, Ernst Eberlein, Roland Plankenbühler, Albert Heuberger, Heinz Gerhäuser, Rainer Perthold, Hartmut Schott: Coding process for inserting an inaudible data signal into an audio signal, decoding process, coder and decoder. Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E V, Michael A Glenn, Glenn Patent Group, June 24, 2003: US06584138 (119 worldwide citation)

In a coding method and a coder for introducing a non-audible data signal into an audio signal, the audio signal is first transformed to a spectral range and the masking threshold of the audio signal is determined. A pseudo-noise signal and a data signal are provided and multiplied with each other so ...


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Thomas Stieglitz, Joerg Uwe Meyer: Cuff electrode. Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e V, Evenson McKeown Edwards & Lenahan P L L C, July 6, 1999: US05919220 (96 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a cuff-electrode that can be placed as an extraneural, sleeve-shaped electrode about a biological tissue, e.g. a nerve.


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Oliver Bimber, L Miguel Encarnacao, Andre Stork: Extended virtual table: an optical extension for table-like projection systems. Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e V, Gordon E Nelson, October 12, 2004: US06803928 (88 worldwide citation)

Apparatus that uses a large transflective mirror to extend a virtual reality system such as a virtual table that employs a projection plane to produce the virtual reality. The transflexive mirror is positioned relative to the projection plane such that the plane of the mirror intersects the projecti ...


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Hans Joachim Quenzer, Bernd Wagner: Bistable microactuator with coupled membranes. Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E V, Duane Morris & Heckscher, January 2, 2001: US06168395 (85 worldwide citation)

A bistable electrostatic actuator with pneumatic or liquid coupling. The actuator has enclosed metallic electrodes. It can be used for a microvalve or micropump. The actuator has buckled membrane sections in pairs and curved substrate electrodes, locally associated with said membrane sections.


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Jürgen Herre, Johannes Hilpert, Stefan Geyersberger, Andreas Hölzer, Claus Spenger: Compatible multi-channel coding/decoding by weighting the downmix channel. Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E V, Laurence A Greenberg, Werner H Stemer, Ralph E Locher, November 4, 2008: US07447317 (83 worldwide citation)

In processing a multi-channel audio signal having at least three original channels, a first downmix channel and a second downmix channel are provided, which are derived from the original channels. For a selected original channel of the original channels, channel side information are calculated such ...


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Detlev Marpe, Heiko Schwarz, Thomas Wiegand: Arithmetic coding for transforming video and picture data units. Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e V, Glenn Patent Group, Michael A Glenn, May 27, 2008: US07379608 (77 worldwide citation)

A method for encoding a video frame or picture comprises dividing up the video frame or the picture in portions of a first type associated with a first scanning pattern, and portions of a second type associated with a second scanning pattern. Data corresponding to a predetermined of the portions of ...


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István Endre Lukács, János Makai, Lothar Pfitzner, Ferenc Riesz, Béla Szentpali: Apparatus and measurement procedure for the fast, quantitative, non-contact topographic investigation of semiconductor wafers and other mirror like surfaces. Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung E V, Hungarian Academy of Sciences Research Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, Greenblum & Bernstein, November 7, 2006: US07133140 (77 worldwide citation)

Apparatus and process for fast, quantitative, non-contact topographic investigation of samples. Apparatus includes a light source, and a collimating concave mirror structured and arranged to produce a parallel beam and to direct the parallel beam to a sample to be investigated. A structured mask is ...