51
Daniel L Alkon, Thomas P Vogl, Kim L Blackwell: Dynamically stable associative learning neural system with one fixed weight. United States of America, Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Cushman Darby & Cushman, June 22, 1993: US05222195 (20 worldwide citation)

A dynamically stable associative learning neural network system include a plurality of synapses (122,22-28), a non-linear function circuit (30) and an adaptive weight circuit (150) for adjusting the weight of each synapse based upon the present signal and the prior history of signals applied to the ...


52
Lauren M Peterson: Method and apparatus for electro-optical phase detection. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, September 18, 1990: US04957362 (20 worldwide citation)

The present invention detects the difference in phase between the modulation of a received optical beam and a reference RF signal or a second modulated optical beam. The received optical beam is modulated by the reference signal and by this reference signal phase shifted 90 degrees. The difference c ...


53
James R Fienup: Optical system design techniques using holographic optical element. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, August 26, 1986: US04607914 (20 worldwide citation)

The merit function of an optical system employing a holographic optical element (HOE) is optimized by determining the ideal phase transfer functions of the hologram over a set of field angles and then arriving at the phase transfer function of the hologram by averaging over the ideal phase transfer ...


54
William O Dargel, Robert M Lougheed, David L McCubbrey, Ralph E Richardson: Off-image detection circuit for an image analyzer. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass Young & Schivley, July 26, 1983: US04395697 (19 worldwide citation)

An image analyzer system and a method of analyzing image information contained in serial scan lines of pixels in which some of the pixels have valid data values representing image information while other pixels have invalid data values not representing characteristics of the image to be analyzed. Of ...


55
Reed E Maes Jr: Solar hot water heater. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass Young & Schivley, January 11, 1983: US04367726 (19 worldwide citation)

A combined solar water heating device and storage tank for low cost solar hot water heaters is disclosed, consisting of an insulated open-topped tank in which is introduced a volume of water at atmospheric pressure to be heated by solar radiation entering through the open top of the tank. A transpar ...


56
Juris Upatnieks: Compact hologram displays & method of making compact hologram. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, September 29, 1992: US05151800 (19 worldwide citation)

A compact, self-contained monolith hologram display apparatus includes a laser diode mounted on an edge of a solid glass plate having a front surface with a hologram mounted thereon. The beam is expanded within the glass plate and is reflected off an opposing mirrored contoured edge surface that col ...


57
Steven J Clark, H Van Dyke Parunak: Density-based emergent scheduling system. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Harness Dickey & Pierce, September 14, 1999: US05953229 (19 worldwide citation)

A computerized task scheduler for negotiating and scheduling resources with respect to various manufacturing tasks via computerized agent technology. A manufacturing-related customer asks a computerized uniform process broker for a bid on a manufacturing task by specifying the task and the time when ...


58
Anthony M Tai: Optical residue arithmetic computer having programmable computation module. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass Young & Schivley, November 29, 1983: US04418394 (19 worldwide citation)

An optical computer based on the residue number system employs a plurality of computational modules which may be programmed using electronic pulses to perform addition, subtraction, multiplication and division operations. Each module comprises an array of optical switches in the form of directional ...


59
James R Fienup: Method and article having predetermined net reflectance characteristics. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass Young & Schivley, November 1, 1983: US04412719 (18 worldwide citation)

An optically transmissive article having predetermined net reflectance characteristics and a method of forming such an article is disclosed. The article includes a holographic layer with fringe patterns generally paralleling a major surface of the article. The fringe patterns have been formed in suc ...


60
David McCubbrey, Theron Friedman: Image processing system with transformation detection. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, August 4, 1987: US04685144 (18 worldwide citation)

Provision is made in a serial neighborhood transformation stage for generating statistical information relating to the number of transformations performed by the stage. This information can be transferred back to a host computer separately from the image pixels to indicate that there has been no cha ...