11
Stanley R Sternberg: Automatic image processor. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, September 11, 1979: US04167728 (45 worldwide citation)

A chain of substantially identical serial neighborhood transformation modules are utilized to analyze patterns represented by a serial stream of digital electrical signals representing a matrix of points. Each module includes an input for receiving a series stream of digital output signals from the ...


12
Fabian C Polcyn, Robert E Marshall, H Janney Nichols: Method and apparatus for analyzing microscopic specimens and the like. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, March 4, 1980: US04191940 (42 worldwide citation)

To form a map of the characteristics of a microscopic specimen, the specimen is supported on a slide and a point on the specimen is subjected to either polychromatic radiation or a series of monochromatic radiations of varying wavelengths employing a condensing optical system. The resulting radiatio ...


13
Stanley R Sternberg: Image analyzer for processing multiple frames of image data. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass and Young, August 7, 1984: US04464789 (42 worldwide citation)

A method of analyzing multiple frames of image data wherein each frame is represented by a matrix of pixels fed serially from a source for processing. A first frame of pixels is transformed in at least one serial neighborhood transformation stage to detect spatial locations associated with given obj ...


14
Michael E Dobbs, Peter Tchoryk Jr, Donald B Jones: Automatic compliant capture and docking mechanism for spacecraft. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, November 15, 1994: US05364046 (41 worldwide citation)

This invention is an automatic capture and docking mechanism for a pair of spacecraft. A largely passive capture mechanism disposed on a first spacecraft includes a concave cone section with the narrower interior end to admit a ball of a predetermined diameter. When tripped, a capture device restric ...


15
Nickolas P Vlannes: Method of manufacturing surface relief patterns of variable cross-sectional geometry. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, April 2, 1991: US05004673 (41 worldwide citation)

A method of manufacturing surface relief patterns of variable depth in solid materials is disclosed, which patterns, when seen in cross-section, are of variable geometry. After determining the properties of the desired surface relief pattern and of the material to be etched, the steps used in the me ...


16
Stanley R Sternberg, William O Dargel, Robert M Lougheed, David L McCubbrey, Ralph E Richardson: Neighborhood transformation logic circuitry for an image analyzer system. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass Young & Schivley, July 26, 1983: US04395698 (36 worldwide citation)

An image analyzer system employs one or more neighborhood transformation stages. The stage operates to access groups of neighboring pixels in an image matrix, analyzes them and generates a transformation output as a result of the analysis. The stage includes a logic circuit which is programmable fro ...


17
Byung J Chang: Doubly modulated on-axis thick hologram optical element. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, January 20, 1981: US04245882 (36 worldwide citation)

An on-axis thick phase holographic optical element for use as a lens is fabricated by incorporating two off-axis holograms of two point sources located on opposite sides of the plate made by use of reference beams having a common angle with respect to the photographic media and complementary curvatu ...


18
Alex Klooster Jr: Optical system phase error compensator. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass Young & Schivley, June 23, 1981: US04275454 (35 worldwide citation)

A method for compensating for phase errors in an optical data processing system for performing a Fourier transformation analysis of a data source. The aberrations of the system are holographically recorded by passing an object beam through the system and the optical data source in a direction opposi ...


19
Stanley R Sternberg: Image analyzer with cyclical neighborhood processing pipeline. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass Young & Schivley, January 18, 1983: US04369430 (33 worldwide citation)

An image analyzer system includes a pipeline containing a given number of serially connected neighborhood transformation stages. Each stage includes a neighborhood extraction portion for sequentially accessing substantially all of the neighborhoods in a matrix of pixels constituting an image. Transf ...


20
James L Auterman: Three dimensional interferometric synthetic aperture radar terrain mapping with unambiguous phase unwrapping employing subset bandwidth processing. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, November 9, 1993: US05260708 (33 worldwide citation)

Synthetic aperture radar data is used to produce a terrain map. Two synthetic radar antennas are placed on an aircraft, which moves in a set of substantially parallel flight paths. At least one antenna repeatedly transmits radar signals whose return echoes are received by both the antennas. The echo ...