1
Robert H Dye: Collision avoidance alarm system. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, October 3, 1989: US04872051 (254 worldwide citation)

The following invention is a passive collision avoidance alarm system. An optical sensor (which may optionally be visable, infrared or ultraviolet) is disposed to provide a continuous raster scan of the scene within a wide angle of the direction of travel of the vehicle. This sensor output is conver ...


2
Juris Upatnieks: Compact head-up display. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, December 8, 1987: US04711512 (248 worldwide citation)

A compact head-up display comprising a combiner which combines light energy from an outside view with light energy transmitted within the combiner and diffracted out by means of an upper diffraction grating. The head-up display disclosed further comprises an image source, a collimating lens, and a l ...


3
Kirk Schroeder, Brad Neagle: Method and apparatus for quantitative fluorescence measurements. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, October 11, 1994: US05355215 (163 worldwide citation)

Measurement of the fluorescence of a layer of cells, disposed in a well, with supernatant liquid thereabove, is greatly enhanced in sensitivity by illuminating the cell layer with a beam of light incident thereupon at a first angle and detecting fluorescence emitted by the cells with a detector whic ...


4
Joseph C Marron: Bifocal ophthalmic lens constructed from birefringent material. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, December 17, 1991: US05073021 (113 worldwide citation)

A dual focal length ophthalmic lens is formed from a birefringent material with its fast and slow axes perpendicular to the user's visual axis. The dual focal property arises due to the differing indices of refraction of the birefringent material for light polarized parallel to the fast and slow axe ...


5
Anthony M Tai: Real time optical pre-detection processing of multispectral image data. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, February 25, 1992: US05090807 (92 worldwide citation)

The present invention is an apparatus for forming a spectrally weighted value from received multispectral radiation. The spectral weighting is done optically prior to detection of the received radiation by dispersing the received multispectral radiation into a plurality of wavelength bin areas. This ...


6
Stanley R Sternberg: Parallel partitioned serial neighborhood processors. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, November 13, 1979: US04174514 (82 worldwide citation)

Apparatus for performing neighborhood transformations on data matrices for image processing and the like achieves processing speeds greater than conventional serial processors with an economy of memory through use of a plurality of serial neighborhood processors that simultaneously operate upon adjo ...


7
Wlodzimierz Holsztynski, Stephen S Wilson: Cellular digital array processor. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, July 29, 1980: US04215401 (72 worldwide citation)

A rectangular digital logic array for performing transformations on data matrices for solving wave equations, image processing problems and the like, includes a plurality of identical cells each having a processing element which receives one of its inputs from a single bit accumulator and provides i ...


8
David L McCubbrey: Parallel pipeline image processor. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Krass & Young, November 20, 1984: US04484349 (71 worldwide citation)

A plurality of serial neighborhood transformation pipelines are provided for simultaneously operating on adjacent segments of a partitioned image matrix. Techniques are disclosed for bi-directionally transferring pixel data on the edges of adjoining segments of the image matrix between adjacent proc ...


9
Anthony M Tai, Juris Upatnieks, Eric J Sieczka: Compact holographic sight. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Brooks & Kushman, January 9, 1996: US05483362 (55 worldwide citation)

A holographic sight which includes a base having at least one connector for mounting the base on a small arm, and a hologram of a reticle pattern, a compact laser light source for illuminating the hologram, and a power source for the laser diode, each mounted on the base. The sight also includes an ...


10
Joseph C Marron: System and method for holographic imaging with discernible image of an object. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Brooks & Kushman P C, July 7, 1998: US05777742 (50 worldwide citation)

A system and method for three-dimensional imaging utilize a lens to perform a two-dimensional Fourier transform of an interference pattern while focusing the pattern on a two-dimensional detector array which is positioned in the image plane of the lens. This allows immediate previewing of the imaged ...