1
Chung Chiun Liu: Apparatus and method for sensing species, substances and substrates using oxidase. Case Western Reserve University, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, April 7, 1987: US04655880 (553 worldwide citation)

A sensor apparatus is disclosed for sensing substances, species, substrates, etc. using oxidase. The apparatus includes a pair of potentiostat operating electrode systems. In one embodiment each electrode system includes respective working, counter and reference electrodes, and in another embodiment ...


2
Chung Chiun Liu, Vasilios A Karagounis: Apparatus for electrochemical measurements. Case Western Reserve University, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, February 18, 1986: US04571292 (500 worldwide citation)

A sensor for an electrochemically active species, such as oxygen, uses more than two electrodes, namely, at least a working electrode, counter electrode and reference electrode. The sensor preferably is substantially planar, is made using thick film or thin film technique and accordingly may be very ...


3
Michael W Rabne, James A Barker, Tareq M T Alrashid, Brian S Christian, Steven C Cox, Elizabeth A Slotta, Luella R Upthegrove: Rights management system for digital media. Case Western Reserve University, Fay Sharpe Fagan Minnich & McKee, December 21, 1999: US06006332 (437 worldwide citation)

A system is provided for controlling access to digitized data. An unsecure client is provided with a launch pad program which is capable of communicating with a secure Rights Management (RM) server. The launch pad program provides an indicator to a public browser, used by the unsecured client, which ...


4
Roger E Marchant: Anticoagulant plasma polymer-modified substrate. Case Western Reserve University, Calfee Halter & Griswold, October 3, 1995: US05455040 (405 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides a method for surface modifying a substrate, such as an implant, to provide the substrate with anticoagulant activity and resistance to the deposition of plasma proteins; and the resulting substrate. The surface of the substrate is modified by first depositing a film of ...


5
Roger E Marchant: Process for producing hydroxylated plasma-polymerized films and the use of the films for enhancing the compatiblity of biomedical implants. Case Western Reserve University, Fay Sharpe Beall Fagan Minnich & McKee, May 12, 1992: US05112457 (395 worldwide citation)

The present invention is directed to a process for synthesizing hydroxylated plasma-polymerized films, as well as the hydroxylated plasma-polymerized films produced by the process of the invention. In addition, the present invention is directed to the use of hydroxylated plasma-polymerized films pro ...


6
Ira J Ungar, J Thomas Mortimer: Asymmetric single electrode cuff for generation of unidirectionally propagating action potentials for collision blocking. Case Western Reserve University, Fay Sharpe Fagan Minnich & McKee, March 17, 1987: US04649936 (384 worldwide citation)

A single electrode, asymmetric electrode cuff (B) is disposed around a nerve trunk (A). A signal generator (C) is connected between a cathode (20) disposed asymmetrically in the electrode cuff and an anode (22) disposed in an electrically conductive relationship within the body tissue. The signal ge ...


7
Gregory G Naples, James D Sweeney, J Thomas Mortimer: Implantable cuff, method of manufacture, and method of installation. Case Western Reserve University, Fay Sharpe Fagan Minnich & McKee, July 29, 1986: US04602624 (369 worldwide citation)

A self-curling sheet (A) of non-conductive material is biased to curl into a tight spiral. A cut out (22) is removed from one corner of the sheet such that, when the sheet spirals, a passage (28) defined axially therethrough has one portion with a smaller diameter and another portion with a larger d ...


8
Warren M Grill Jr, Graham H Creasey, David A Ksienski, Claude S Veraart, J Thomas Mortimer: Thin film implantable electrode and method of manufacture. Case Western Reserve University, Fay Sharpe Beall Fagan Minnich & McKee, June 28, 1994: US05324322 (342 worldwide citation)

A sheet (30) of polymeric material defines a cuff portion (A), a contact portion (B), and an interconnecting elongated lead portion (C). Using physical vapor deposition (PVD), chemical vapor deposition (CVD), or other thin film deposition techniques, a plurality of electrodes (12), contact pads (16) ...


9
Timothy J Crish, James D Sweeney, J Thomas Mortimer: Antidromic pulse generating wave form for collision blocking. Case Western Reserve University, Fay Sharpe Fagan Minnich & McKee, September 2, 1986: US04608985 (310 worldwide citation)

An electrode cuff (B) including a dielectric sleeve (10) and an annular cathode electrode (20) is disposed around a nerve trunk (A). An anode electrode (22) is disposed in body fluids in electrical communication with the nerve trunk. The cathode electrode is disposed off center within the dielectric ...


10
James D Sweeney, J Thomas Mortimer: Asymmetric shielded two electrode cuff. Case Western Reserve University, Fay Sharpe Fagan Minnich & McKee, December 16, 1986: US04628942 (225 worldwide citation)

A nerve trunk (A) has an annular electrode cuff (B) positioned therearound for imposing electrical signals on to the nerve trunk for the purpose of generating unidirectionally propagated action potentials. The electrode cuff includes an annular cathode (30) having a circular passage therethrough of ...