1
Mark A Minor, Ranjan Mukherjee: Dexterous articulated linkage for surgical applications. Board of Trustees operating Michigan State University, Harness Dickey & Pierce, October 30, 2001: US06309403 (320 worldwide citation)

A surgical instrument includes an actuator, a tool, and a positioning apparatus. The positioning apparatus includes a gear link structure operably coupling the tool to the actuator for moving the tool in a first direction defining a first degree of freedom and in a second direction defining a second ...


2
Jie Zhang, Jes Asmussen: Method and apparatus for plasma treatment of a surface. Board of Trustees operating Michigan State University, Ian C McLeod, July 8, 1997: US05645645 (165 worldwide citation)

A radiofrequency wave apparatus and method which provides a relatively high concentration of reactive species from a plasma for the treatment of a surface particularly of a substrate (31) with a complex geometry in a holder (62) which masks a portion of the substrate. The radiofrequency waves are pr ...


3
Bernard R Tennes, Galen K Brown, Joseph R Clemens, Henry A Affeldt, Siamak Siyami, Brian A Klug, Hans R Zapp: Impact detection apparatus. Board of Trustees Operating Michigan State University, Ian C McLeod, May 17, 1988: US04745564 (121 worldwide citation)

An apparatus for measuring and recording accelerations or other physical quantities experienced by easily damaged items of commerce such as fruit and electronic computers. A triaxial accelerometer or other suitable sensor produces signals which are sampled by a microprocessor operating according to ...


4
John F Foss, Scott C Morris: Fan shroud with integral air supply. Board of Trustees operating Michigan State University, Brinks Hofer Gilson & Lione, March 16, 1999: US05881685 (110 worldwide citation)

A shroud for an axial blade fan provides a circumferential, axially directed flow of air between the fan blade tips and the shroud to improve fan efficiency. The shroud preferably includes a smaller, centrally disposed fan which is driven by an auxiliary motor, a circumferentially extending generall ...


5
Jes Asmussen, Joseph J Root: Ion generating apparatus and method for the use thereof. Board of Trustees operating Michigan State University, Ian C McLeod, March 26, 1985: US04507588 (104 worldwide citation)

A radio frequency wave ion generating apparatus which provides a thin disc shaped plasma adjacent an ion attracting means is described. The radio frequency waves are preferably microwaves. Several improvements to microwave plasma generation are described including the steps of generation of a resona ...


6
John F Foss: Cooling fan shroud. Board of Trustees operating Michigan State University, Brinks Hofer Gilson & Lione, June 9, 1998: US05762034 (104 worldwide citation)

A shroud for the cooling fan of a motor vehicle engine provides a circumferential axial flow of air between the fan blade tips and the shroud to improve fan efficiency and engine cooling. The shroud may include a circumferentially extending Coanda surface and adjacent circular throat which directs a ...


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Donald Penner, Terry R Wright: Imidazolinone herbicide resistant sugar beet plants. Board of Trustees operating Michigan State University, Ian C McLeod, June 30, 1998: US05773702 (82 worldwide citation)

Sugar beet plants which are resistant to imidazolinone herbicides are described. The sugar beet plants are derived from susceptible cells by selection for mutant imidazolinone resistant cells with the herbicide. The resistant plants derived from the cells can be grown in fields where imidazolinones ...


9
Robert P Hubbard: Seat with biomechanical articulation. Board of Trustees Operating Michigan State University, Bliss McGlynn P C, January 28, 1997: US05597203 (78 worldwide citation)

A seat with biomechanical articulation for a person seated in the seat includes a seat portion extending generally horizontally, a back portion extending generally upwardly from the seat portion, a frame interconnecting the seat portion and the back portion, the seat portion having a seat member piv ...


10
Shubham P Chopade, Dennis J Miller, James E Jackson, Todd A Werpy, John G Frye Jr, Alan H Zacher: Catalysts and process for hydrogenolysis of sugar alcohols to polyols. Board of Trustees operating Michigan State University, Battelle Memorial Institute Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Ian C McLeod, September 18, 2001: US06291725 (77 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides a process for preparation of low molecular weight polyols from high molecular weight polyols in a hydrogenolysis reaction under elevated temperature and hydrogen pressure. The process comprises providing in a reaction mixture the polyols, a base, and a metal catalyst p ...