1
James L Grady, Guang Jiong Chen: Bioconversion of waste biomass to useful products. Bioengineering Resources, Howson and Howson, October 13, 1998: US05821111 (245 worldwide citation)

A process is provided for converting waste biomass to useful products by gasifying the biomass to produce synthesis gas and converting the synthesis gas substrate to one or more useful products. The present invention is directed to the conversion of biomass wastes including municipal solid waste, se ...


2
James L Gaddy: Biological production of ethanol from waste gases with Clostridium ljungdahlii. Bioengineering Resources, Howson and Howson, October 24, 2000: US06136577 (122 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products is disclosed. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various product, su ...


3
James L Gaddy: Biological production of products from waste gases. Bioengineering Resources, Howson & Howson, January 22, 2002: US06340581 (104 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus are designed for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, and carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various product ...


4
James L Gaddy, Edgar C Clausen, Ching Whan Ko, Leslie E Wade, Carl V Wikstrom: Microbial process for the preparation of acetic acid as well as solvent for its extraction from the fermentation broth. Bioengineering Resources, Celanese International Corporation, Howson and Howson, April 9, 2002: US06368819 (100 worldwide citation)

A modified water-immiscible solvent useful in the extraction of acetic acid from aqueous streams is a substantially pure mixture of isomers of highly branched di-alkyl amines. This solvent is substantially devoid of mono-alkyl amines and alcohols. Solvent mixtures formed of such a modified solvent w ...


5
James L Gaddy: Biological production of acetic acid from waste gases with Clostridium ljungdahlii. Bioengineering Resources, Howson and Howson, September 15, 1998: US05807722 (84 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various organic acids or alcohol ...


6
James L Gaddy, Edgar C Clausen, Ching Whan Ko, Leslie E Wade, Carl V Wikstrom: Microbial process for the preparation of acetic acid, as well as solvent for its extraction from the fermentation broth. Bioengineering Resources, Celanese International Corporation, Howson and Howson, June 22, 2004: US06753170 (31 worldwide citation)

A modified water-immiscible solvent useful in the extraction of acetic acid from aqueous streams is a substantially pure mixture of isomers of highly branched di-alkyl amines. Solvent mixtures formed of such a modified solvent with a desired co-solvent, preferably a low boiling hydrocarbon, are usef ...


7
James L Gaddy, Edgar C Clausen, Ching Whan Ko, Leslie E Wade, Carl V Wikstrom: Microbial process for the preparation of acetic acid, as well as solvent for its extraction from the fermentation broth. Celanese International Corporation, Bioengineering Resources, Howson & Howson, March 27, 2007: US07196218 (25 worldwide citation)

A modified water-immiscible solvent useful in the extraction of acetic acid from aqueous streams is a substantially pure mixture of isomers of highly branched di-alkyl amines. Solvent mixtures formed of such a modified solvent with a desired co-solvent, preferably a low boiling hydrocarbon, are usef ...


8
Gaddy James L, Chen Guangjiong: Production biologique dacide acetique a partir de gaz residuaires, Biological production of acetic acid from waste gases. Bioengineering Resources, Emmaus Foundation, Bioengineering Resources, Gowling Lafleur Henderson, September 14, 2010: CA2259492 (5 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, carbon black, coke, ammonia, andmethanol production, into useful products is disclosed. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various products, su ...


9

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Gaddy James L: Anaerobic fermentation of carbon monoxide. Bioengineering Resources, December 2, 2005: JP2005-328849 (3 worldwide citation)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method for producing a useful product by effective fermentation of waste gas containing carbon monoxide.SOLUTION: A method for producing hydrogen comprises fermenting carbon monoxide through a bioreactor including anaerobic Bacillus smithlii and a nutrient medium.



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