3710251 is referenced by 224 patents and cites 8 patents.

A microelectric wafer or chip vacuum chuck in the form of a heat exchanger pedestal with a heat exchanger pressure vessel at the pedestal top through which hot and cold fluids are selectively pumped in circulation from and return to, respectively, hot and cold remote fluid reservoirs. A plurality of small diameter vacuum tubes pierce the heat exchanger pressure vessel and are brazed at each end to upper and lower plates with the top of the upper plate being the chuck surface with the vacuum tubes providing frequent tension ties between the plates. Dry nitrogen is fed into and through a circumferential passageway about the pedestal to protect wafers and chips with an inert cover atmosphere from oxidation damage at high temperatures or frost damage at low temperatures.

Title
Microelectric heat exchanger pedestal
Application Number
05/132,031
Publication Number
3710251
Application Date
April 7, 1971
Publication Date
January 9, 1973
Inventor
Johnson Frederick W
Hagge John K
Assignee
Collins Radio Company
IPC
G01r 35/00
G01R 31/28
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