08492295 cites 16 patents.
A semiconductor structure fabrication method. A provided structure includes: a semiconductor substrate, a transistor on the semiconductor substrate, N interconnect layers on the semiconductor substrate, and a temporary filling region within the N layers. N is at least 2. The temporary filling region is heated at a high temperature sufficiently high to result in the temporary filling material being replaced by a cooling pipes system that does not include any solid or liquid material. A first portion and a second portion of the cooling pipes system are each in direct physical contact with a surrounding ambient at a first interface and a second interface respectively such that a first direction perpendicular to the first interface is perpendicular to a second direction perpendicular to the second interface. A totality of interfaces between the cooling pipes system and the ambient consists of the first interface and the second interface.