08403675 is referenced by 20 patents and cites 27 patents.

A training and/or evaluating device is provided particularly useful in performing laparoscopic procedures, radiological procedures, and precise surgeries that simulates the structure and dynamic motion of the corresponding anatomical structure on which the procedure takes place. The device includes an outer housing, which may be designed to mimic the body wall, in which one or more organs are located. Motion of the organ(s), as a result of respiration, pulmonary action, circulation, digestion and other factors present in a live body, is simulated in the device so as to provide accurate dynamic motion of the organs during a procedure.

Title
Device and method for medical training and evaluation
Application Number
11/75835
Publication Number
8403675 (B2)
Application Date
March 8, 2005
Publication Date
March 26, 2013
Inventor
Louis R Kavoussi
Lutherville
MD, US
Alexandru Patriciu
Baltimore
MD, US
Dumitru Mazilu
Lutherville
MD, US
Dan Stoianovici
Baltimore
MD, US
Agent
Lisa Swiszcz
Peter F Corless
Edwards Wildman Palmer
Assignee
The Johns Hopkins University
MD, US
IPC
G09B 23/28
View Original Source