08221461 is referenced by 3 patents and cites 441 patents.

An adaptable spinal facet joint prosthesis, including a pedicle fixation element; a laminar fixation element; and a facet joint bearing surface having a location adaptable with respect at least one of the pedicle fixation element and the laminar fixation element. The invention also includes a method of implanting an adaptable spinal facet joint prosthesis including the steps of determining a desired position for a facet joint bearing surface; and attaching a prosthesis comprising a facet joint bearing surface to a pedicle portion of a vertebra and a lamina portion of a vertebra to place the facet joint bearing surface in the desired position. The invention also provides a facet joint prosthesis implant tool including a tool guide adapted to guide a vertebra cutting tool; and first and second fixation hole alignment elements extending from the saw guide. The invention also provides systems for treating spinal pathologies that include intervertebral discs in combination with spinal and facet joint prostheses.

Title
Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and systems for treating spinal pathologies
Application Number
11/577923
Publication Number
8221461 (B2)
Application Date
October 24, 2005
Publication Date
July 17, 2012
Inventor
Thomas J McLeer
Redmond
WA, US
Richard J Broman
Kirkland
WA, US
Mark T Charbonneau
Bellevue
WA, US
Christopher R Ralph
Woodinville
WA, US
Susan L Rogers
Kirkland
WA, US
Jorge A Ochoa
Redmond
WA, US
Michael J Funk
North Bend
WA, US
Mark A Reiley
Piedmont
CA, US
David Michael Rosler
Seattle
WA, US
Leonard Tokish Jr
Issaquah
WA, US
David Yager
Carnation
WA, US
Mark K Kuiper
Seattle
WA, US
Assignee
GMEDelaware 2
PA, US
IPC
A61F 2/44
A61B 17/04
A61B 17/70
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