Systems and methods for identifying translation pairs from web pages are provided. One disclosed method includes receiving monolingual web page data of a source language, and processing the web page data by detecting the occurrence of a predefined pattern in the web page data, and extracting a plurality of translation pair candidates. Each of the translation pair candidates may include a source language string and target language string. The method may further include determining whether each translation pair candidate is a valid transliteration. The method may also include, for each translation pair that is determined not to be a valid transliteration, determining whether each translation pair candidate is a valid translation. The method may further include adding each translation pair that is determined to be a valid translation or transliteration to a dictionary.