07740631 is referenced by 99 patents and cites 523 patents.

Methods and apparatus are provided for selective surgical removal of tissue. In one variation, tissue may be ablated, resected, removed, or otherwise remodeled by standard small endoscopic tools delivered into the epidural space through an epidural needle. The sharp tip of the needle in the epidural space, can be converted to a blunt tipped instrument for further safe advancement. The current invention includes specific tools that enable safe tissue modification in the epidural space, including a barrier that separates the area where tissue modification will take place from adjacent vulnerable neural and vascular structures. A nerve stimulator may be provided to reduce a risk of inadvertent neural abrasion.

Title
Devices and methods for tissue modification
Application Number
11/251204
Publication Number
7740631 (B2)
Application Date
October 15, 2005
Publication Date
June 22, 2010
Inventor
Edwin J Hlavka
Palo Alto
CA, US
Jeffery L Bleich
Palo Alto
CA, US
Agent
Shay Glenn
Assignee
Baxano
CA, US
IPC
A61B 17/00
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