A method of treating a ZSM-5-type zeolite catalyst is carried out by treating a ZSM-5 zeolite catalyst having a silica/alumina mole ratio of at least about 200 with a phosphorus compound. The phosphorus-treated ZSM-5 zeolite catalyst is calcined and steamed. Steaming of the catalyst is carried out at a temperature of less than about 300° C. The phosphorus-treated ZSM-5 zeolite catalyst has less than 0.05% by weight of the catalyst of any other element other than phosphorus provided from any treatment of the ZSM-5 zeolite with a compound containing said other element. The catalyst may be used in aromatic alkylation by contacting the catalyst with feed of an aromatic hydrocarbon and an alkylating agent within a reactor under reactor conditions suitable for aromatic alkylation. Water cofeed may be introduced water into the reactor during the aromatic alkylation reaction.