Persistent components are provided across both process and server failures, without the application programmer needing take actions for component recoverability. Application interactions with a stateful component are transparently intercepted and stably logged to persistent storage. A “virtual” component isolates an application from component failures, permitting the mapping of a component to an arbitrary “physical” component. Component failures are detected and masked from the application. A virtual component is re-mapped to a new physical component, and the operations required to recreate a component and reinstall state up to the point of the last logged interaction is replayed from the log automatically.