A method and apparatus for cardioverting the atrium of a human heart that includes insertion of first and second elongated electrodes tranvenously into the heart and associated vessels. One electrode is preferably located in the coronary sinus and great vein of the heart. The other electrode is preferably located in the vicinity of the right atrium of the heart, spaced from the electrode located in the coronary sinus. In response to detection of fibrillation or in response to manual triggering, a defibrillation pulse is applied between the first and second electrodes to effect atrial cardioversion. Further, after delivery of a successful defibrillation shock, the width of intrinsic p-waves are monitored and bi-atrial pacing is temporarily initiated if the width exceeds a preset or programmable threshold.