A speech compression system capable of encoding a speech signal into a bitstream for subsequent decoding to generate synthesized speech is disclosed. The bitstream comprises a type component and a gain component. The type component is representative of a type classification of a frame of speech signal that is transmitted. The type component comprises a first type and second type. The gain component represents an adaptive codebook gain and a fixed codebook gain component comprises a fixed codebook gain component and an adaptive codebook gain component exclusively encoded as separate components of the bitstream as a function of the bit rate when the type classification is the second type.