06835553 is referenced by 320 patents.
An implantable biosensor for detecting an analyte in vivo in body fluids comprises an analyte-sensitive hydrogel filament chemically configured to vary its displacement volume according to changes in concentration of an analyte, such as glucose, in a patient's body fluid. A photometric displacement transducer placed inside the biosensor is configured to quantifiably detect changes in the displacement volume of the hydrogel filament, such as by detecting the light intensity on a photoreceptor arranged to receive light of varying intensity depending upon the displacement of the hydrogel filament. A battery powered telemeter operably engaged to the photometric displacement transducer sends a radio data signal representing glucose concentration level to a receiver containing an alarm system. The alarm system can automatically notify a person that the analyte level is outside desired predetermined parameters, and/or to automatically inject an agent to counteract the adverse analyte levels.