06801411 is referenced by 148 patents.
A dual-stripe current-pinned spin valve magnetoresistive read sensor includes a first soft ferromagnetic (FM) layer separated from a second soft FM layer by a first spacer layer formed of conductive material. The first spacer layer is also configured to receive a first biasing current for generating a first magnetic field of sufficient strength to saturate the first soft FM layer. The read sensor further includes a third soft FM layer and a fourth soft FM layer separated by a second spacer layer formed of conductive material. The second spacer layer is configured to receive a second biasing current for generating a second magnetic field of sufficient strength to saturate the fourth soft FM layer. An insulation layer also is disposed between the second soft FM layer and the third FM layer. The first and second biasing currents thereby pin magnetizations of the first and fourth soft FM layers, while having a combined negligible effect on magnetizations of substantial portions of the second and third soft ferromagnetic layers.