06725289 is referenced by 97 patents.
A subsystem that is able to address a second memory region initiates I/O requests directed to a device that is able to address a first memory region that is different from the second memory region. Requests for memory are mapped at least once, for example from virtual to physical page numbers. The I/O requests are conditionally remapped to pages in the first region as a function of how often they are involved in the I/O operations and would normally otherwise need to be copied. Remapping may also be made conditional on a function of availability of memory in the first region. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the I/O requests are initiated by a subsystem within a virtual machine, which runs via an intermediate software layer such as a virtual machine monitor on an underlying hardware and software platform. A typical application of the invention is DMA.