06532556 is referenced by 218 patents.
A multi-bit-per-cell memory reduces the effect of defects and data errors by scrambling data bits before writing data. The scrambling prevents storage of consecutive bits in the same memory cell. When a memory cell is defective or produces an error, the bits read from the memory cell do not create consecutive bit errors that would be noticeable or uncorrectable. An error or a defect in a multi-bit memory cell causes at most scattered bit errors. Scramblers in multi-bit-per-cell memories can include 1) hardwired lines crossing between an input port and an output port, 2) programmable wiring options, 3) a linear buffer where reads from the buffer use addresses with swapped bits, or 4) a buffer array that switches between incrementing a row address first and incrementing a column address first when accessing memory cells in the buffer array.