06418189 is referenced by 85 patents.
An apparatus and method for detecting explosive material uses dual energy information of an X-ray scan of the material. The object in question is located within a region which includes extraneous objects. The region is scanned by an X-ray radiation source which alternately emits radiation at two different energy levels, and a detector array collects the radiation after passing through the material. A reconstruction computer generates a CT image from the series of projections corresponding to one of the two energy levels. A spatial analysis computer analyzes the CT image and determines the projection which includes only the object in question (a clear-path projection) or the projection which includes the object in question along with the fewest extraneous objects. A projection computer uses the high energy clear-path projection and the low energy clear-path projection to determine quantitative information relating to two physical characteristics of the object in question, for example atomic number and density. The quantitative information is used to distinguish explosive materials from non-explosive materials.