Self-testing for a disease or physiological condition is achieved by having the individual being tested obtain a sample of physiological fluid, e.g., blood, urine, sputum or saliva, from him or herself. The sample is introduced into an assay system which produces a coded pattern indicative of the presence or a different coded pattern indicative of the absence of the disease or physiological condition. The individual then transmits the coded pattern to a remote location, for example by making a telephone call to an interpretation center, and receives from the remote location an interpretation of the coded pattern together with any counseling which may be appropriate in view of the interpretation of the coded pattern. The coded patterns are selected such that the individual may not interpret the test results without consulting the interpretation center. Further, the assay system employed is advantageously made so that the coded patterns indicative of a positive or negative result are dependent on an identifier, such as a lot number or serial number, assigned to the assay system or kit containing the assay system.