06315717 is referenced by 45 patents and cites 206 patents.

Methods and devices used to stabilize a beating heart during a surgical procedure on the heart are disclosed. The stabilizing device is introduced through an opening through the chest and brought into contact with the beating heart, and by exerting a stabilizing force on the device, the motion of the heart caused by the contractions of the heart muscles is effectively eliminated. Accordingly, the heart is stabilized and movement of the site of the surgery is minimized. Typically, in separate steps, a surgeon contacts the heart with the stabilizing device, assesses the degree of movement of the anastomosis site, and exerts a force with a stabilizing device such that the contractions of the beating heart causes only minimal excess motion at the surgery site. The stabilizing device may be attached to a rigid support or may be attached to a semi-rigid support which is rendered motionless mechanically, chemically or by human intervention.

Title
Surgical instruments for stabilizing the beating heart during coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Application Number
9/550447
Publication Number
6315717 (B1)
Application Date
April 17, 2000
Publication Date
November 13, 2001
Inventor
John J Frantzen
Copperopolis
CA, US
Brent Regan
Davis
CA, US
William N Aldrich
Redwood City
CA, US
Robert C Glines
Cameron Park
CA, US
Amr Salahieh
Campbell
CA, US
Ivan Sepetka
Los Altos
CA, US
Charles S Taylor
San Francisco
CA, US
Federico J Benetti
Rosario
US
Agent
Bozicevic Field & Francis
US
Agent
Alan W Cannon
US
Assignee
Cardiothoracic Systems
CA, US
IPC
A61B 1/32
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