06295476 is referenced by 75 patents and cites 20 patents.

Methods for sensing or electrical stimulation of body organs or tissues are disclosed wherein a lead conductor wire or filament of a stranded lead conductor generates a radioactive emission when it is fractured sufficiently or is completely broken. The conductor wire or filament is formed of an inner core and an outer sheath surrounding the inner core, wherein the inner core is irradiated or is formed of a radioactive isotope in an alloy that provides an enhanced radiopaque aura when the sheath is fractured and the inner core is exposed. When the conductor wire or filament is intact, the radioactive inner core is fully encased within the outer sheath, and the outer sheath blocks or reduces radioactive emission along its length to a constant, relatively low level. In use, the emission is detected externally to the body, and the detection signifies that a fracture or break has occurred. Such leads preferably comprise cardiac leads for delivering electrical stimulation to the heart, e.g., pacing pulses and cardioversion/defibrillation shocks, and/or sensing the cardiac electrogram, having multiple lead conductors encased in a lead body subject to fracture under stress. The lead conductors can comprise mono-filar or multi-filar, parallel wound, coiled wires that arranged in a co-axial manner or in a side-by-side arrangement within the lead body. Or the straight or coiled lead conductors can be formed of a strand comprising a plurality of outer filaments wound helically about a central core filament or of a cable comprising a plurality of such peripheral strands wound helically about a central core strand. At least the outer filaments of a stranded conductor and peripheral strands of a conductor cable are formed with the radioactive core.

Title
Medical lead conductor fracture visualization method and apparatus
Application Number
9/430864
Publication Number
6295476 (B1)
Application Date
November 1, 1999
Publication Date
September 25, 2001
Inventor
David G Schaenzer
Minneapolis
MN, US
Agent
Beth L McMahon
US
Assignee
Medtronic
MN, US
IPC
A61N 1/05
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