05948011 is referenced by 337 patents and cites 53 patents.

A method for applying radiant energy through the skin to underlying collagen tissue without substantially modifying melanocytes and other epithelial cells in the epidermis by delivering non-continuous energy. A porous membrane is adapted to receive an electrolytic solution and become inflated to substantially conform a contacting exterior surface of the membrane to a skin layer. The membrane includes a cooling lumen for receiving cooling fluid. One or more thermal electrodes positioned in the membrane and transfers thermal energy to the electrolytic solution. The electrolytic solution and cooling fluid creates a reverse thermal gradient from the skin surface to the underlying collagen tissue. A thermal power source is coupled to the thermal electrodes, and a source of electrolytic solution is coupled to the membrane.

Title
Method for controlled contraction of collagen tissue via non-continuous energy delivery
Application Number
435822
Publication Number
5948011
Application Date
October 28, 1997
Publication Date
September 7, 1999
Inventor
Edward W Knowlton
Danville
CA, US
Agent
Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati
Assignee
Thermage
CA, US
IPC
A61F 2/00
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