05863698 is referenced by 104 patents and cites 26 patents.

A process for the preparation of toner comprising mixing a colorant containing a surfactant and a latex emulsion, and wherein the latex emulsion contains resin and a nonionic hydrolyzable surfactant, and wherein said surfactant is of the Formulas (I) or (II), or optionally mixtures thereof ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 is a hydrophobic aliphatic, or hydrophobic aromatic group; R.sup.2 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, and alkylarylalkyl; R.sup.3 is hydrogen or alkyl; A is a hydrophilic polymer chain, and m represents the number of A segments; heating below about the resin latex glass transition temperature, followed by the addition of an anionic stabilizer, thereafter heating above about the resin glass transition temperature, and adjusting the pH of the resulting mixture of resin and colorant particles suspended in an aqueous phase containing anionic surfactant, cationic surfactant and nonionic hydrolyzable surfactant, wherein said pH is increased from about 1.7 to about 2.5 to about 6 to about 12 by adding a base during the heating above about said resin glass transition temperature wherein coalescence is being accomplished.

Title
Toner processes
Application Number
587338
Publication Number
5863698
Application Date
April 13, 1998
Publication Date
January 26, 1999
Inventor
Michael A Hopper
Toronto
CA
Beng S Ong
Mississauga
CA
Nan Xing Hu
Oakville
CA
Beverly C Dutoff
Mississauga
CA
Paul F Smith
Toronto
CA
Raj D Patel
Oakville
CA
Agent
E O Palazzo
Assignee
Xerox Corporation
CT, US
IPC
G03G 9/087
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