05809150 is referenced by 43 patents and cites 3 patents.

The generation of skewed hypercardioid sound energy fields (in polar diagrams) from right front and left front "surround" loudspeakers with the principal nulls directed at the expected listener location produces the effect of sidewall and rearwall loudspeakers in a home theater setting without any actual sidewall or rearwall loudspeakers. The effect is enhanced by secondary nulls that are directed so as to "reflect" off the front wall of the room toward the expected listener location. Each surround loudspeaker contains an antiphase driver and circuitry including a delay network that powers the drivers to create the skewed hypercardioid sound energy field. The invention is independent of electrical mixing and interaction of two or more input channels. Rather the channels are assumed to be independent and the invention concerns the unique directional sound energy radiation pattern generated from each channel considered independently. An important feature of the skewed hypercardioid sound energy field according to the invention is the insensitivity of the principal null direction to frequency over a range of 120 H.sub.z to 4 kH.sub.z.

Also important is a surround sound effect more pronounced in miniature (close range) speaker configurations because the energy gradient between the right and left ears is steeper with the skewed hypercardioid at close range. The invention provides a generalized method of handling direct and reflected sound in an enclosed listening space, since the parameters are variable with delay in the circuitry, the angular relationship of the drivers in the loudspeaker cabinet and the shape of the cabinet. In some listening configurations only the surround loudspeakers are necessary for superior sound reproduction.

Surround sound loudspeaker system
Application Number
Publication Number
Application Date
October 12, 1995
Publication Date
September 15, 1998
Steven J Eberbach
4455 E. Loch Alpine Dr., Ann Arbor, 48103
James M Deimen
H04R 5/02
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