05730165 is referenced by 667 patents and cites 19 patents.

A capacitive field sensor, which may be used for the control of a water supply valve in a basin or fountain, employs a single coupling plate to detect a change in capacitance to ground. The apparatus comprises a circuit for charging a sensing electrode and a switching element acting to remove charge from the sensing electrode and to transfer it to a charge detection circuit. The time interval employed for the charging and discharging steps can vary widely. Usually at least one of the charge or discharge pulses is on the order of a hundred nanoseconds, and is shorter in duration than a characteristic conduction time for a body of water disposed about the sensing plate. Thus, the sensor can detect the presence of a user near a controlled faucet without being subject to measurement artifacts arising from standing water. In a controller for a water basin, a short charge or discharge pulse duration may be used when the controlled valve is closed, and a longer duration, which allows conduction through the water, may be used when the valve is open. The long duration measurement can detect the continued presence of the user as long as the user's hand remains in the stream of water.

Title
Time domain capacitive field detector
Application Number
8/578464
Publication Number
5730165
Application Date
December 26, 1995
Publication Date
March 24, 1998
Inventor
Harald Philipp
4812 Scott Rd., Lutz, 33549
FL, US
Agent
David Kiewit
IPC
G01R 27/26
E03C 1/05
F16K 31/02
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