05683465 is referenced by 529 patents and cites 9 patents.

A prosthesis for the replacement of a spinal disk includes a first disk half and a second disk half. The first disk half includes a portion of a socket attached to a first plate. The second disk half includes a portion of a ball attached to a second plate. The socket includes a plurality of expansion slots which expand to allow the portion of a ball to be inserted into the socket and which then contract to retain the portion of a ball therein. A first hole is provided through the first plate, a second hole is provided through the socket, and a third hole is provided through the second plate which together form an opening through the disk. The opening is adapted to receive an insert to either medicate a pair of vertebrae or provide a barrier therein. The disk is fastened to the vertebrae by any preferred combination of pins, tabs, or a first annulus or second annulus, each of which extend from the disk. The tabs or the first annulus or the second annulus includes a hole therein that is adapted to receive a screw. A flexible substantially toroidal enclosure is attached to the perimeter of the first plate and to the perimeter of the second plate when desired to form a barrier between the disk and any proximal organic material.

Artificial intervertebral disk prosthesis
Application Number
Publication Number
Application Date
March 18, 1996
Publication Date
November 4, 1997
James Daryl Tate
2900 Eureka Way, Redding, 96001
Gary Lee Shinn
1543 Bleistein, Cody, 82414
Risto A Rinne Jr
A61F 2/44
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