05618303 is referenced by 393 patents and cites 4 patents.

An endoscopic instrument system which includes a handle portion with a scissors grip, a shaft extending from the scissors grip and shaped to extend through a cannula, and a plurality of disposable end tools, each mountable on and removable from the end of the shaft by hand without tools and actuatable by the scissors handle. In a preferred embodiment, the scissors handle actuates a rod extending through the shaft which is connected to the end tool. The end tool includes a pair of jaws pivotally mounted on the support and connected to a reciprocating stub shaft by links. The stub shaft is connected to the actuating rod of the handle portion so that movement of the scissors handle causes the jaws to pivot relative to each other. The end tool may take the form of a scissor, grasper, biopsy or dissector, depending upon the specific shape of the jaws. An advantage of the invention is that the support of the end tools is made of a relatively inexpensive plastic material such that the end tools may be discarded when the jaws become dull, thus obviating the need for repeated cleaning and sharpening and eliminating the most difficult portion to clean.

Title
Endoscopic instrument system and method
Application Number
907853
Publication Number
5618303
Application Date
September 23, 1993
Publication Date
April 8, 1997
Inventor
John T Nelson
Kirtland
OH, US
Donald B Coon
Chesterland
OH, US
Haans K Petruschke
Kirtland
OH, US
Scott C Marlow
Chesterland
OH, US
Agent
Thompson Hine & Flory
Assignee
Marlow Surgical Technologies
OH, US
IPC
A61B 17/00
View Original Source