05545340 is referenced by 43 patents and cites 47 patents.

The present invention relates to softening compounds; stable, homogeneous, preferably concentrated, aqueous liquid and solid textile treatment compositions; and intermediate compositions and/or processes for making said compositions. The compositions of the present invention contain diester quaternary ammonium compounds wherein the fatty acyl groups have an Iodine Value of from greater than about 5 to less than about 100, a cis/trans isomer weight ratio of greater than about 30/70 when the Iodine Value is less than about 25, the level of unsaturation being less than about 65% by weight, wherein said compounds are capable of forming concentrated aqueous compositions with concentrations greater than about 13% by weight at an Iodine Value of greater than about 10 without viscosity modifiers other than normal polar organic solvents present in the raw material of the compound or added electrolyte.

Title
Concentrated biodegradable quaternary ammonium fabric softener compositions and compounds containing intermediate iodine value unsaturated fatty acid chains
Application Number
24541
Publication Number
5545340
Application Date
June 5, 1995
Publication Date
August 13, 1996
Inventor
Jeffrey W Watson
Cincinnati
OH, US
Alice M Vogel
West Chester
OH, US
Michael P Siklosi
Cincinnati
OH, US
John H Shaw Jr
Cincinnati
OH, US
John C Severns
West Chester
OH, US
Robert Mermelstein
Cincinnati
OH, US
Charles A Hensley
Cincinnati
OH, US
Hugo J M Demeyere
Merchtem
BE
Michael E Burns
West Chester
OH, US
Jean Francois Bodet
Newcastle Upon Tyne
GB
Ellen S Baker
Cincinnati
OH, US
Dennis R Bacon
Milford
OH, US
Errol H Wahl
Cincinnati
OH, US
Agent
Betty J Zea
Robert B Aylor
Assignee
The Procter & Gamble Company
OH, US
IPC
D06M 13/46
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