05452306 is referenced by 63 patents and cites 6 patents.

An interface is disclosed that formats a first link (a source link--e.g., a T1 link) having N channels to fit into a second link (a source link--e.g., a PCM-30 or a doubled T1 link) having N+M channels. Each of the first and second links are implemented with primary rate carrier links, and have a standard payload portion and a standard overhead portion. A mechanism is disclosed for routing information between the first link and the second link, so that information being transported over the first link can also be transported over the second link. An adding mechanism is also disclosed for routing supplemental overhead information to at least one added overhead channel within the second link, wherein the added overhead channel occupies a standard payload portion of the second link. An overhead information bit is disclosed, which transmits information within a (k)th bit of an (l)th channel of each frame of the second link. An information bit signal is formed with at least five consecutive of the (k)th bits. Using the formed information bit signal, information is conveyed regarding the communications link. A path overhead byte is provided for transportation within the added overhead channel of the second link, and includes various overhead bits, including, e.g., the information bit noted above, for performing several maintenance and performance monitoring functions. Four of the bits within the path overhead byte are essentially equivalent to bits within an overhead byte provided for SONET networks.

Title
Out-of-band embedded overhead architecture for a transmission network
Application Number
8/117936
Publication Number
5452306
Application Date
September 7, 1993
Publication Date
September 19, 1995
Inventor
Samuel Sigarto
Chesterfield
MO, US
Andy Turudic
Defiance
MO, US
Agent
Sandler Greenblum & Bernstein
Assignee
Southwestern Bell Technology Resources
MO, US
IPC
H04J 3/12
View Original Source