05441494 is referenced by 458 patents and cites 8 patents.

A manipulable hand for use in laparoscopic surgery is disclosed, having a master or control hand with clamps for attaching the master hand to that of an operator, the master hand having at least one finger, the finger having at least one hinge corresponding to an interphalangeal joint in a human hand. The manipulable hand further includes a slave or controlled hand, distally disposed from the operator, the slave hand having at least one finger, the finger having at least one hinge corresponding to an interphalangeal joint of a human finger. Both the master and slave hinges are capable of movement corresponding to flexion and extension of a human finger. The master hand and the slave hand are connected by motion transmission rods or cables, and the movements of the slave hand corresponds one-for-one to the movements of the master hand. The preferred embodiment of the manipulable hand has two fingers and a thumb, the thumb of both the master and slave hands is capable of movements corresponding to palmar adduction and abduction, and the fingers of both the master and slave hands are capable of coplanar spreading away from each other and moving back toward each other, moving from a substantially aligned position to a V-shaped configuration. The rods are enclosed within a hollow shaft, and the master and slave hands are mounted with parallel connections therebetween forming wrists at the ends of the shaft.

Title
Manipulable hand for laparoscopy
Application Number
8/99675
Publication Number
5441494
Application Date
July 29, 1993
Publication Date
August 15, 1995
Inventor
Mark Ortiz
Milford
OH, US
Agent
Paul A Coletti
Assignee
Ethicon
NJ, US
IPC
B25J 1/00
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