A system for transporting and processing a specimen, and an assembly employing that system. The transporting and processing system comprises a tubular container having a filter assembly removably secured within the container by a threaded collar. A cap is applied to the collar, and a spoon is secured to the underside of the cap for collecting a specimen and inserting it within the filter contained within the container. The spoon is shaped to fit within the filter when the cap is applied. In the assembly, the specimen transporting and processing system is utilized along with a separate container having a spoon assembly and cap, but no filter assembly. A stand is provided for retaining both containers.