05391166 is referenced by 325 patents and cites 34 patents.

Endoscopic surgical instruments are provided that have detachable working ends for use with a reusable handle portion. The detachable working end includes bipolar electrodes on opposing movable members for passing a high frequency current through tissue for simultaneously severing or manipulating the tissue and causing hemostasis of the tissue. An electrically insulating material is interposed between the movable members so that the electrodes are spaced apart from 0.002 to 0.050 inches and the current passes between the opposing electrodes through the tissue.

Title
Bi-polar electrosurgical endoscopic instruments having a detachable working end
Application Number
711920
Publication Number
5391166
Application Date
October 9, 1992
Publication Date
February 21, 1995
Inventor
Philip E Eggers
Dublin
OH, US
Agent
Fish & Neave
Assignee
Hemostatic Surgery Corporation
KY
IPC
A61B 17/38
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