05279309 is referenced by 471 patents and cites 17 patents.

The system and method includes a manipulator for manipulating a surgical instrument relative to a patient's body and, a position sensor for sensing the position of the surgical instrument relative to the patient's body. The manipulator can be manually or computer actuated and can have brakes to limit movement. In a preferred embodiment, orthogonal only motion between members of the manipulator is provided. The position sensor includes beacons connected to the patient and manipulator or surgical instrument and, a three dimensional beacon sensor adapted to sense the location and position of the beacons. Redundant joint sensors on the manipulator may also be provided. The system and method uses a computer to actively interact with the surgeon and can use various different input and output devices and modes.

Title
Signaling device and method for monitoring positions in a surgical operation
Application Number
714816
Publication Number
5279309
Application Date
July 27, 1992
Publication Date
January 18, 1994
Inventor
Yong yil Kim
Seoul
KR
Russell H Taylor
Ossining
NY, US
Agent
Perman & Green
Assignee
International Business Machines Corporation
NY, US
IPC
A61B 5/11
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