05193936 is referenced by 49 patents and cites 6 patents.

A two-step treatment process is disclosed for application of lead-toxic wastes to fixate and stabilize leachable lead contained therein. The process employs the use of a sulfate compound, such as gypsum, in a first step; and a phosphate reagent, such as phosphoric acid, in a second step. After thorough mixing and curing, a substantially solid end product is formed in which the lead is chemically fixed and remains in stabilized form for indefinite geologic periods. The process reduces Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure lead levels below the regulatory threshold of 5 mg/l as required by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The waste also beneficially undergoes volume reduction in a short curing time, and is applicable in a variety of situations.

Title
Fixation and stabilization of lead in contaminated soil and solid waste
Application Number
494774
Publication Number
5193936
Application Date
July 23, 1991
Publication Date
March 16, 1993
Inventor
Karl Yost
Crete
IL, US
Dhiraj Pal
Chicago Heights
IL, US
Agent
Leonard D Bowersox
Andrew B Katz
Assignee
MAECORP Incorporated
IL, US
IPC
E02D 3/00
B09B 3/00
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