05173710 is referenced by 49 patents and cites 13 patents.

A positioning system uses a multiplicity of commercial broadcast stereo FM radio signal transmitters, at known fixed locations, each of which transmits a beacon signal having a phase that is un-synchronized with the phases of the beacon signals of the other transmitters. All the beacon signals have a frequency approximately equal to a 19 KHz. A fixed position observer unit, positioned at a known location, receives the beacon signals from all the transmitters in the vicinity, determines their relative phases, and broadcasts data representing these relative phases. Mobile units, at unknown locations, receive these broadcast values, as well as beacon signals from at least three radio transmitters. Each mobile unit includes phase detection circuitry that detects the phases of the beacon signals at the mobile receiver's current position. This is accomplished using a single radio signal receiver. A digital phase-locked loop, coupled to the radio signal receiver, generates a phase error signal for each beacon signal. The phase error signals are then used to compute a distinct phase value for each beacon signal. In the preferred embodiment, each mobile receiver includes a computer for computing its location based on the broadcast relative phase values and the detected phases. In another embodiment the position computations for many mobile receivers are performed at a central data processing station.

Title
Navigation and positioning system and method using uncoordinated beacon signals
Application Number
7/745154
Publication Number
5173710
Application Date
August 15, 1991
Publication Date
December 22, 1992
Inventor
Victor P Berglund
Fairview
TX, US
David T Rackley
Garland
TX, US
David C Kelley
Plano
TX, US
Agent
Flehr Hohbach Test Albritton & Herbert
Assignee
Terrapin Corporation
CA, US
IPC
G01S 3/02
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