04912822 is referenced by 46 patents and cites 2 patents.

An integrated scanning tunneling microscope and an integrated piezoelectric transducer and methods for making both. The device consists of one or two arm piezoelectric bimorph cantilevers formed by micromachining using standard integrated circuit processing steps. These cantilevers are attached to the substrate at one area and are free to move under the influence of piezoelectric forces which are caused by the application of appropriate voltages generated by control circuitry and applied to pairs of electrodes formed as an integral part of the bimorph cantilever structure. The electric fields caused by the control voltages cause the piezoelectric bimorphs to move in any desired fashion within ranges determined by the design. The bimorph cantilevers have tips with very sharp points formed thereon which are moved by the action of the control circuit and the piezoelectric bimorphs so to stay within a very small distance of a conducting surface. The movements of the tip can be tracked to yield an image of the surface at atomic resolution.

Title
Method of making an integrated scanning tunneling microscope
Application Number
149236
Publication Number
4912822
Application Date
May 8, 1989
Publication Date
April 3, 1990
Inventor
Thomas R Albrecht
Stanford
CA, US
Mark Zdeblick
Los Altos Hills
CA, US
Agent
Ronald C Fish
Assignee
Stanford University
CA, US
IPC
H01L 41/22
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