04648746 is referenced by 40 patents and cites 11 patents.

Apparatus for use in the laying and/or replacement of pipes under ground comprises a casing (1), a frusto-conical impact member (2) secured to one end of the casing and adapted to form an underground passage for the casing when the apparatus is being driven through the ground, a piston (7) reciprocally mounted in the casing and arranged to be driven by a source of compressed air or other fluid to engage the impact member (2) with a series of impacts to drive said member and the casing through the ground and a control valve member (11) adapted to be connected to a source of compressed air or other fluid and arranged to reciprocate the piston in the casing by means of said compressed air or other fluid. A pipe fitting (31) is connected to a tubular spacer member (23) which is mounted on the other end of the casing (1), said pipe fitting being adapted to be clamped to the leading end of a pipeline (29 and/or 30) which is to be laid in the underground passage formed by the impact member (2). The connection between the pipe fitting (31) and spacer member (23) includes a flanged sleeve (25) which permits relative rotation between the pipe fitting and the casing.

Pipe laying and replacement
Application Number
Publication Number
Application Date
August 28, 1985
Publication Date
March 10, 1987
Raymond E Abinett
Wegner & Bretschneider
Water Research Centre
F16L 1/00
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