A thin electron accumulation layer is generated along a heterojunction between two kinds of semiconductors each of which has a different electron affinity. This electron accumulation layer suffers less ionized-impurity scattering, because the thickness does not exceed the spread of an electron wave. A channel constituted with this electron accumulation enjoys an excellent electron mobility, particularly at cryogenic temperatures. A layer configuration fabricated with two different semiconductors having different electron mobilities and a similar crystal lattice coefficient, and including a single heterojunction, is effective to improve electron mobility. Such a layer configuration can be employed for production of an active semiconductor device with high electron mobility, resulting in high switching speed. The semiconductor devices including a FET, a CCD, etc., exhibit an excellent transfer conductance Gm.