04378846 is referenced by 23 patents and cites 16 patents.

Apparatus for heating hydrocarbons, and the like, in an underground reservoir for the purpose of lowering the viscosity of the substance in the reservoir and facilitating the flow thereof has a flow channel arrangement disposable in a reservoir of the material to be treated for forming a flow path for a working fluid that is heated by a heating system associated with the flow channel arrangement. The heated working fluid is then discharged from the flow path and into the reservoir of material to be heated for the purpose of lowering the viscosity and improving the flowability of the material in the reservoir.

The heating system includes an electrical resistance heating unit comprising an electrical circuit including at least one pair of opposed electrodes electrically connected in series and arranged along and partially forming the flow path for the working fluid, with the portion of the electrical circuit between the electrodes being completed through the working fluid. The series connection of the electrodes provide for efficient downhole use of electrical energy even at depths below 2,000 feet, by minimizing line losses to the electrodes and by creating, with accurate control, a very high resistance at the bottom of the well in which the device is disposed.

Enhanced oil recovery apparatus and method
Application Number
Publication Number
Application Date
December 15, 1980
Publication Date
April 5, 1983
Kurtis B Brock
6870 E. 11th St., Long Beach, 90815
Matthew L Ajeman
E21B 43/24
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