04166457 is referenced by 82 patents and cites 8 patents.

A dry-state bioelectrode having a self-sealing receptacle for receiving electrolyte and/or medicament fluid contents. The receptacle is attached at its opening to a sheet-like flexible base member having an opening in common with the receptacle opening, the bottom of the base member being adapted for fixation at a skin surface. A portion of the skin surface is exposed to the fluid contents of the receptacle through the common opening. An injection site communicates through the wall of the receptacle and provides controlled access for filling. Upon completion of filling, the receptacle self seals, retaining the fluid contents therein for application of iontophoresis treatment or other procedures requiring use of a potential gradient. An electrode plate is supported at an interior surface of the receptacle for supplying the desired electric potential.

Title
Fluid self-sealing bioelectrode
Application Number
714942
Publication Number
4166457
Application Date
November 14, 1977
Publication Date
September 4, 1979
Inventor
Carl F Mandleco
Salt Lake City
UT, US
David F Knutti
Salt Lake City
UT, US
Richard T Johnson
Salt Lake City
UT, US
Richard D Luntz
Salt Lake City
UT, US
Robert L Stephen
Salt Lake City
UT, US
Stephen C Jacobsen
Salt Lake City
UT, US
Agent
Criddle Thorpe & Western
Assignee
University of Utah Research Institute
UT, US
IPC
A61B 5/04
View Original Source