The invention relates to a method for the synthesis of short-chain ω-unsaturated fatty acids of general formula CH2═CH—(CH2)n—COOR in which n is an integer between 2 and 11 and R is H or an alkyl radical containing from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, from long-chain monounsaturated fatty acids or esters of formula CH3—(CH2)m—CH═CH—(CH2)p—COOR in which m and p are integers, either identical or different, between 2 and 11, such that the molecule contains at least 10 adjacent carbon atoms in the main chain, said method comprises the first step of submitting the long-chain monounsaturated fatty acid charge to an oxidation by fermentation using a microorganism containing enzymes of oxygenase type, thus leading to the formation of α,ω-diacids, and then a second step of subjecting the product from the first step to a catalytic metsthesis crossed with ethylene for forming two short-chain ω-unsaturated fatty acids having a main chain length relative to that of the starting unsaturated fatty acid or ester of between 0.2 and 0.8, and preferably 0.35 and 0.75.

Title
Method for the synthesis of omega-unsaturated fatty acids
Application Number
12/678622
Publication Number
20100216198
Application Date
September 17, 2008
Publication Date
August 26, 2010
Inventor
Jean Luc Dubois
Agent
Patent Department 26th Floor
PA, US
Arkema
PA, US
Assignee
Arkerna France
IPC
C12P 07/64
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