20030106490-A1 is referenced by 5 patents.
Method and apparatus for depositing layers by atomic layer deposition. A virtual shower curtain is established between the substrate support and chamber to minimize the volume in which the reactants are distributed. A showerhead may be used to allow closer placement of the substrate thereto, further reducing the reaction volume. Zero dead space volume valves with close placement to the chamber lid and fast cycle times also improve the cycle times of the process.