The system includes a quick release battery loading/unloading mechanism using standardised battery-power-pack(s) coupled with an in-vehicle energy management instrument and information exchange system capable of transferring the customer's requirements, identity and energy used to a service station terminal, allowing extended operating range and eliminating delays associated with charging traction batteries in situ. The wheel rim, hub, axle and bearings may incorporate electrical windings, laminations, brushes, magnetic components to make a complete drive motor and such wheel-motors may be provided at the front or the rear or on all wheels. Solar cells for charging the vehicle battery may be incorporated into body panels which attach to a supporting frame on the vehicle.; Recharging may also be by regenerative braking, from an external supply, by an on-board engine-powered generator or by use of a fuel cell. The vehicle may have a suspension system in which the upper or lower wishbone also serves as a spring. A joystick may be provided for controlling the steering, braking and acceleration. The seating arrangement may be 1-2-1 with a central driver and central rear passenger.